In 1990 there were 1,716,241 housing units in Louisiana--an increase of 11% over the 1980 level of 1,548,419 units.
Single-family homes accounted for over two-thirds of Louisiana's total housing inventory.
Mobile homes were the fastest growing type of housing--increasing by almost 78% to make up 11.4% of the state's 1990 housing inventory.
Almost two-thirds of the state's housing units were owner-occupied at the time of the census. A greater percentage of Louisianians live in homes they own than the national average. During the 1980s Louisiana's owner-occupancy rate grew while the national rate decreased slightly.
Between 1980 and 1990 both the homeowner and rental vacancy rates rose in Louisiana. The homeowner vacancy rate increased from 1.5% to 1.7%; the rental vacancy rate climbed from 8.1% to 12.5%.
One measure of the adequacy of an area's housing stock is the percentage of units with more than one person per room. In 1990, 6% of housing units in Louisiana fell into this category. Although this proportion is still considerably higher than the national average of 4.9%,
Louisiana's sharp drop from the 1980 rate of 7.1% opposed the national trend, which showed a small increase.
In 1990, 1.3% of the state's homes lacked complete plumbing facilities; 1.3% lacked complete kitchen facilities.
Although the median value of one-family, owner-occupied houses in Louisiana increased from $43,000 in 1980 to $58,000 in 1990, this actually represents a 14% decline in real value when inflation is taken into consideration. At the national level, median value was $47,200 in 1980 and $79,100 in 1990--a 5% increase when adjusted for inflation.
Median contract rent in Louisiana was $156 in 1980 and $260 in 1990, an increase of 5% when adjusted for inflation. Nationally, median rent was $198 in 1980 and $374 in 1990, an increase of 19% when adjusted for inflation.
The median monthly owner cost for Louisiana homeowners with a mortgage rose from $498 in 1980 to $595 in 1990--a growth of 19.5% after adjusting for the increase in consumer prices.
This was lower than the national increase of 26.9%. The comparable figures for Louisiana owners without mortgages was $153 in 1980 and $168 in 1990; at the national level, $206 in 1980 and $209 in 1990.
In 1980, 16.5% of Louisiana homeowners had owner costs that equaled 30% of more of their household income. By 1990 that percentage increased to 20%--one in five homeowners. At the national level, 19.5% of homeowners had owner costs that were 30% or more of their household income in 1990, compared with 17.6% in 1980.
Median monthly gross rent in Louisiana rose by 3.8% in real terms from $339 in 1980 to $352 in 1990. This change was much smaller than the national increase of 16.1%.
In 1990, 45.7% of Louisiana renters had monthly costs that were 30% or more of their household income, compared with 39% in 1980. At the national level, 41.2% of renters fell into this category in 1990, compared with 38.9% in 1980.